Carroll has written that the idea of a soul is incompatible with quantum field theory QFT. He writes that for a soul to exist: "Not only is new physics required, but dramatically new physics.
Within QFT, there can't be a new collection of 'spirit particles' and 'spirit forces' that interact with our regular atoms, because we would have detected them in existing experiments. Some parapsychologists have attempted to establish, by scientific experiment, whether a soul separate from the brain exists, as is more commonly defined in religion rather than as a synonym of psyche or mind. Milbourne Christopher and Mary Roach have argued that none of the attempts by parapsychologists have yet succeeded. In Duncan MacDougall conducted an experiment in which he made weight measurements of patients as they died.
He claimed that there was weight loss of varying amounts at the time of death; he concluded the soul weighed 21 grams. Park has written that MacDougall's experiments "are not regarded today as having any scientific merit" and the psychologist Bruce Hood wrote that "because the weight loss was not reliable or replicable, his findings were unscientific.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Soul disambiguation. The incorporeal essence of a living being. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message.
See also: Spirit. See also: Soul in the Bible and Christian mortalism. Main articles: Immortality of the soul , Christian conditionalism , Christian mortalism , and Annihilationism. Further information: Jain philosophy and Jainism and non-creationism. This article relies too much on references to primary sources.
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